Tag Archives: common carrier

Hot Air Balloons: Is a Balloon a Common Carrier in California?

 

By Doyice Cotten

The issue as to whether an activity or mode of transportation is a common carrier can determine the duty owed to passengers. A recent California case (Grotheer v. Escape Adventures, Inc., 2017), addressed the issue of whether a hot air balloon is a common carrier. The court defined a common carrier of persons as anyone “who offers to the public to carry persons.” (Civ. Code, § 2168.)

The duty that a common carrier owes to its clientele depends upon whether the ride is gratuitous or if there is a fee charged.

We Know Delta and Greyhound are Common Carriers … But is a Zipline a Common Carrier in Illinois?

By Doyice Cotten

April Dodge was a paying customer of Grafton Zipline Adventures when the braking system failed causing April to collide with a tree and suffer injury. She sued alleging that Grafton was negligent. Grafton claimed protection from the liability waiver signed by April prior to participation to which the plaintiff asserted that the waiver was unenforceable because Grafton is a common carrier and cannot exempt itself from liability for its negligence (Dodge v. Grafton Zipline Adventures,