Interesting Safety Signage Around the World

By Doyice Cotten

Americans traveling in other countries have the opportunity to see some interesting, and often, unique signage. A few are presented in this post. Some, like the first one, are not usually seen in the United States. The meaning, however, should be obvious.

Some of the signs warn of unique dangers. Others illustrate the difficulty in translating from another language to English. This is particularly true in the Chinese signs. Notice that several of the signs do not depend on translation or reading ability.

Everyday Risks in Dominican Republic

By Doyice Cotten

Tourism in third world countries is always interesting and exciting, but it does come with some risks. I took my camera on my visit to the small town of Juan Dolio, D.R. The risks that I depict here are similar to those in most any Caribbean or Central American country. They just emphasize the point that it is more important that you be alert to risk when out of the U.S.

Photos 1,

Active Risk Management at Dominican Republic Resort

By Doyice Cotten

Usually I write about travel hazards and failures in risk management. This time, I am writing about some of the risk management efforts I saw at Coral Costa Caribe Resort in the Dominican Republic. I usually have my camera ready for hazards, but in this case the resort efforts stood out.

Photos 1, 2, and 3 show some risk management at the beach. A dangerous area is identified by red flags on shore in Photo 1 and at a rocky area in Photo 2.

China’s Interesting Signage and a Few Risks

By Doyice Cotten

Last week we addressed some common risks for tourists traveling in China; this week, we will address a few more hazards and some signage challenges. Risk management signage in tourist areas is common, however, they may not always be clear due to translation or language differences.

In Photos 1 through 6, one can see that the English translation is not quite the same as what we would say. They do, however, generally get the point across.

China Hazards: On the Streets of Tourist Areas

By Doyice Cotten

Foreign tourism is filled with hazards to safety, most important of which are 1) transportation accidents and 2) trip & falls when the tourist is seeing the sights and not looking where they are stepping. This risk is bad enough even when streets and sidewalks are hazard free. This is evidenced by a recent fall in Beijing by my wife, Mary. We were walking down the street and she tripped for no apparent reason, fell,

Risk at a Fantastic Tourist Site: Totumo Volcano (near Cartagena)

By Doyice Cotten

When traveling, one occasionally happens upon a truly unique site or experience. I experienced one near Cartagena, Columbia, at Totumo Volcano. This one-of-a-kind site is not really a volcano – as a matter of fact, I don’t really know what it is. Suffice it to say that it looks like a miniature volcano with a pool of mud at the top (See Photo 1). The mud is warm and bubbly and comes up from deep in the earth.

Risk in Laos and Cambodia

By Doyice Cotten

Things are different in third world countries. Whether one is a tourist or a resident, one encounters risks every day that are not faced in the United States.

First, we will look at a few risks that we as tourists encountered on a recent visit.  Ancient temples abound in both countries. Many of these temples and tourist sites involve climbing steps; often steep steps and usually with no handrails. See Photo 1 for an example.

Nepal Risks for Tourists and Locals

By Doyice and Mary Cotten

When one thinks of Nepal, one’s first thoughts are of the Himalayas, but most people live in a long valley through the middle of the country. Risk management may not be an unknown term there – but it could certainly be put into practice more frequently.

On our recent visit, we found two major risks – the traffic on the streets and highways and the air pollution that blankets the valley,

Hotel Risk Management in India

The tourism industry in the United States is replete with hazards and risks – particularly when one is not in an upscale property. Hoteliers in the U.S. spend a lot of money eliminating hazards in an effort to reduce the risk of injury and lawsuits. In India, we found that the more upscale hotels have much in common with the upscale hotels here. These hotels are very secure. Most are fenced, have security personnel on the property at all times,

Table of Contents

Table of Contents

1.00 INTRODUCTION TO SPORT LAW 1

1.10 The Legal System Gil B. Fried 2

1.20 Legal Research Anita M. Moorman 12

1.30 Business Structure & Legal Authority John T. Wolohan 25

2.00 NEGLIGENCE LAW 35

2.10 Negligence Theory 36

2.11 Elements of Negligence Betty van der Smissen 36

2.12 Which Parties Are Liable? Doyice J. Cotten 46

2.20 Defenses 58

2.21 Defenses Against Negligence Doyice J.